The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Navicular drop (ND) and Hallux valgus (HV) angles and their effects on foot-specific health related quality of life. Sixty female patients with bilateral HV aged between 32-60 participated in this study. The patients with the HV deformity degree of “2” or “3” according to the Manchester scale were included.
HV angle were obtained from standing (weight bearing) bilateral antero-posterior radiographs. HV angle (A angle), intermetatarsal angle (B angle), hallux interphalangeal angle (C angle) were measured. Subtalar pronation was measured the navicular drop (ND) test. ND test were performed for both feet and recorded in millimeters. Foot-specific health related quality of life was measured using the Manhester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOFQ).
There was a strong positive correlation between the ND qtest and the angles A, B, and C for the right foot (rho=0.749, 0.761 and 0.749 p<0.001, respectively,). There was a strong positive correlation between the MOFQ subscales and the angles A, B, and C for the right foot (p<0.001). There was a strong positive correlation between the MOFQ subscales and the angles A, B, and C for the right foot (p<0.001).
In conclusion, there were relationship between ND, HV angular severity and foot-specific health related quality of life. As the HV angular severity increased, there was greater drop in the navicula and reduction in quality of life.
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