resistance hypertension

Oculars Pain and Intraocular Hypertension in Hemodialysis Patient with Glaucoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literatures

Published on: 14th August, 2023

Resistance hypertension in hemodialysis patient usually is common and sometimes difficult to get achieved target blood pressure control. In patient with intradialytic hypertension, eye pain may occur which can be relate to the severity of the hypertension itself. Hemodialysis has relationship to Intraocular Pressure (IOP). Hemodialysis was be Increased Intraoccular Pressure (IOP) and may be the cause of eye pain during hemodialysis due to ocular dialysis disequilibrium. And this receives inadequate attention by nephrologist as a cause of intradialytic hypertension. In this article, we report a patient with resistant hypertension who complain of right eye pain during and after dialysis. After anterior chamber tapping and the aqueous humor was drained. The symptoms and hypertension improved. Undetected significant increase in IOP during hemodialysis may lead to permanent optic nerve damage and should be recognized as a cause of hypertension. An interesting point of this report was the intraocular hypertension get worsed in hemodialysis patients and could be a cause of resistance hypertension. We suggest regular ophthalmologic evaluation in ESKD (End Stage Kidney Disease) patients should be necessary especially in the patient with poorly controlled hypertension, have previous glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, eye pain, blurred vision, conjunctivitis and headache.
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